Name-Brand Medication vs. Generic: What’s the Difference?

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Most prescriptions meds are available in generic form. Find out the similarities and differences between the two and how to determine whether a generic is right for you.

Approximately 80 percent of prescriptions sold today are generics. If you’re taking a prescription medication, chances are it’s a generic form of the brand-name drug. But are you getting the same quality in a generic medication?

Do generics measure up?

The answer in most cases is yes — generics, just like branded products, are regulated by the Food and Drug Administration. “To have a generic product approved by the FDA, the generic manufacturer must prove that its product is bioequivalent to the branded product,” explains Adam Porath, PharmD, BCPS AQ-Cardiology, BCACP and pharmacy manager at Renown. Basically, it has to function the same.

“Generic products are extremely well tolerated and will provide the same results as using a branded product,” Porath says.

Here’s how generics are the same as name-brand prescriptions:

  • Generic products contain the same active ingredients.
  • They produce the same desired clinical effect and accompanying side effects.
  • Generics come in the same form as their branded counterparts: pill, liquid or inhaler, for example.
  • Release into the bloodstream matches the name brand in timing and strength.

Here’s how they differ:

  • Generics generally cost less.
  • Federal law requires generics have different names and look different: shape, size, markings and color.
  • Generics contain different inactive ingredients, like binders, fillers and artificial colors. Different side effects with generics can usually be attributed to these additions.
 

Why do generics cost less?

When pharmaceutical companies develop a new drug, they are paying for research, development, clinical studies, marketing — in some cases it can cost more than $800 million and take 10 to 15 years to develop a new drug.

“The manufacturers of branded medication products have to recoup their research and development costs,” Porath says.

So companies are granted a limited patent to sell their drug without the competition of generic counterparts. “When patent exclusivity ends, the market is open for any generic manufacturer to make a competing product with FDA approval.”

Without the same startup costs, companies can sell generics at 80 to 85 percent less. And because more than one company can produce the same generics, competition drives prices even lower. 

How do you choose between name-brand and generic meds?

How do you determine if a generic is right for you? First, find out if your medication has a generic counterpart and check your insurance. Some companies require generic prescriptions.

A few things to note about generics:

  • Because generics look different than brand names, be sure you’re taking the right one. Consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have questions.
  • Different pharmacies carry different generics, and they vary by manufacturer.
  • The bottle should always provide both the generic name and the brand name.
  • If you switch to a generic and notice changes in your condition, notify your doctor immediately.
  • With certain medications, like those taken for seizures, small changes in formulation can make a big difference in function and side effects. Always ask your doctor before switching prescriptions. 

If you have further questions about generic prescriptions, consult your doctor or pharmacy. Renown patients can also review their prescriptions on My Chart — Renown’s free, secure online patient portal that allows you to manage your healthcare information.

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